The Leadership Manual
The Jewish Student Leadership Manual is a collection of articles about leadership. They were nearly all written by Joby Blume, experienced leader, trainer, and student of organizational leadership.
All of these articles can be reproduced for training purposes by Jewish organizations, provided that WUJS is attributed as the source.
Student Leadership Training is essential for successful activities. Our short article explains why training is important, and answers some common objections to prioritising training.
Feedback is essential if Jewish student leaders are to help each other develop and improve. Our short article lists the ten characteristics of useful feedback, and thereby provides a practical guide to giving feedback well.
Delegating Responsibility explains clearly how to give work to other people in ways that empower them to do it right. The article spells out the how of delegating, as well as giving hints as to when it is a good idea (and when it isn't).
Motivating People explains in detail how to get people motivated and working hard. This article explains how real motivation depends not only on personal contact, but also appropriate structures and a healthy team culture.
Some more thoughts on how to motivate others gives some practical suggestions on how to motivate others to give their best. Many leaders need to motivate others to perform, and our short article explains how this can be done.
Effective Meetings explains in an organized fashion how to run meetings effectively. Our article explains practically what meetings are for, how to prepare for them, how a chair can run them effectively and democratically, and how minutes can be taken and followed up on.
Self Directed Work Teams are self-contained teams that are assembled for the purpose of achieving a specific task. Our article explains when SDWTs will work (and when they won't), and how, practically, to set them up.
360 Degree Feedback is a simple mechanism used to ensure that Jewish student leaders gather feedback and learn from it. Our article outlines what 360 degree feedback is, and suggests a few ways it could be implemented.
Mentoring explains how to act as a mentor to a less experienced leader. Our article explains what a mentor's major responsibilities are, and how they should execute them.
Having a Mentor explains how a protege, or leader who is receiving support and advice from somebody more experienced, can effectively exploit that helpful relationship. Our article takes a practical look at how a protege should prepare for meetings with their mentor, what they should ask, and what they should be careful not to do.
Role of Appraisal outlines what appraisal is, and how it can be successfully implemented in a Jewish student setting. Appraisal is a formal process of feedback about individual and organizational performance that is designed to help individuals improve their own, and their organization's, performance. Our article explains practically how to set appraisal up, how to run it, and how to exploit the findings.
Changing Committee Culture explains what the ideal culture for a Jewish group leadership team is, and how to achieve it. This culture is co-operative, encourages innovation and hard work, and gives people a sense of belonging. Creating this kind of culture can be hard, but this article provides practical advice on how to do it.
Committee Management explains how to ensure that a Jewish student group leadership team works well. This article explains how to divide responsibilities effectively within a team, and what every team member needs to do their job well.
Job Descriptions allow different members of a Jewish student group to know what they need to do. Our article explains how to design job descriptions with an organizational overview, and then gives a practical guide to writing realistic and motivating job descriptions.
Support is something that leaders need to give to others. This is necessary because true leadership involves getting things done and helping others get things done too. Our article explains what effective support is, when to provide it, how to provide it, and when not to bother.
Jewish Student Leaders details the ten roles of the chairperson, and how to carry them out. These roles must be balanced and attended to if the Jewish group chairperson is to ensure that things run well in the long term and the short term.
Continuity and Handover are important for all Jewish student leaders - without succession there can be no long-term success. Our article explains practically how to identify possible successors, and how to hand over to a successor in an empowering way.
Lateral Leadership takes a look at how Jewish student educators can influence wider decision making processes, even when they don't hold positions of power. Our article takes a practical look at formal and informal ways of leading from the side.
Organising Jewish Activities (or semester) looks at how to create a balanced educational and social programme over the course of an entire term. Our article takes a practical look at how to start a term, how to create educational flow, and the advantage of predictable scheduling.
Jewish Events looks at four influential theories of Jewish life and their practical implications for Jewish education, and in particular what makes an event Jewish? The approach to Jewish life that a Jewish student leader takes influences the kinds of activity that they ought to run, and this article spells out how.
Jewish Pluralism is an important issue for all Jewish student leaders. Our article deals with the advantages and disadvantages of Jewish pluralism, who to cater for, and takes a step-by-step guide at how to put pluralism into practice.
Jewish Retreats allow Jewish student educators involved in organising seminars and shabbatot to ensure that nothing is forgotten. The checklist starts in the early planning and research stage, and includes financial, educational, social, and on-the-day entries to break a large job down into a series of smaller, easy to achieve, tasks.
Organizing Jewish Educational Events provides a checklist that allows Jewish student educators to easily organise speaker meetings, small discussions, and other simple activities. By following a checklist a student leader can ensure that nothing is forgotten, and take the worry out of educational planning.
Marketing is not the same as publicity. Our very short article explains what marketing is, and how to use it practically to think of events that Jewish students will want to go to.
Program Evaluation explains a practical method for recording details of events and programs so that they can be run again, and improved on. Good quality paperwork and evaluation is especially important in Jewish student groups, where leaders are oft-changing.
Evaluation of activities and events can be important throughout a Jewish student group. Proper evaluation not only allows activities to be improved in the future, it is often a requirement of funding bodies. Our article explains the difference between evaluation for internal and external purposes, and how to perform both.
Jewish Social Events are an important balance to educational activities. Our article takes Jewish student leaders through the process of organising a club night, ball, or party. It includes discussions of issues such as themes, cost, and music, and then offers a very practical guide of what to do and when to ensure that a party is a success.
Budgeting an event takes a quick look at some of the principles of budgeting. Our article takes a practical, hands-on, approach to budgets, and explains how to create responsible budgets that distinguish between things like fixed and variable costs.
Asking for Money: Our Fears and How to Cope with Them details why people give money and why they don't, and then uses that information to provide a practical guide to facing up to the embarrassment and the possibility of rejection.
Offering Donors a Variety of Projects for Sponsorship is a short article that explains clearly that donors are more likely to give when presented with concrete ideas for involvement, and how this can be used effectively in fundraising.
How to Follow Up on a Proposal Rejection is a short article that details how to deal with proposal rejection emotionally, and what to do practically to optimise chances of future fundraising success.
Fundraising - the Basics outlines how to go about fundraising, from a beginner's perspective. Our article covers who to target and gives a few ideas of how to go about 'hitting' them for a donation.
'Friendraising' and Fundraising looks at how often making contacts and getting to know people socially is the best way to get them to donate money. Our article looks at why people give money, and how this information can be exploited to collect more resources
Dugma Ishit provides some thoughts on the role of personal example in Jewish student leadership. Our short article attempts to explain why leading by example is important, and what it means practically.
Running a Discussion is an important practical skill for Jewish student educators. Our article explains at a level that is suitable for beginners and experienced leaders, how to prepare for and run an effective discussion.
Tuckman Theory or 'Storming Norming' is a model that explains how groups form and function socially. The theory is particularly for Jewish student leaders concerned with ensuring that a group runs well, that members are content, and that conflict is minimised.
Presentation Skills are important for Jewish student leaders in a variety of settings. Our article explains how to talk in public, taking a practical look at preparing a talk, controlling nerves, using voice and body effectively, and answering questions.
Hadracha and Body Language must be understood by Jewish student educators if they are to adapt their educational activities on-the-fly. Body language tells the educator who is listening, who isn't, and when to ignore.
Listening Skills sets out how Jewish student leaders can know when they are, or aren't, listening well. Our article is a simple list, aimed at Jewish student leaders with experience of listening to people sharing their deepest feelings.
Active Listening is a skill needed by Jewish leaders for effective communication. Our article briefly explains the central principles of active listening, and how to put them into practice.
Connecting Using Sensory Words is important, because people think in different ways, and respond to different language. Our article explains how to communicate to visual, aural (musical), and kinaesthetic (touch-feely) people.
Welcoming Newcomers must be approached right if new and prospective members are to take an active part in Jewish student activity. Our short article lists the things to do and to avoid doing in welcoming new participants.
Energy Levels and Hadracha determine whether or not activities are engaging or simply unrealistically tiring. Our article takes a look at how to identify and predict energy levels, and offers practical tips for changing them.
Facilitation Skills looks at the theory behind the practice of running a discussion. By taking a deeper look at how to run a discussion, Jewish student leaders who are already comfortable with the basics of discussion leading can truly master this skill.
Getting Attention gives Jewish student leaders ten ideas for getting the attention of a group that isn't silent or paying attention
Writing a Mission Statement follows on from the notion of purpose and the bottom line. Our article spells out clearly what a mission statement is, how it can help a Jewish student group, and how to develop one in an effective way that involves a lot of Jewish students and other stakeholders.
Conflict Resolution can, unfortunately, be a major part of a Jewish leader's role. Even when things are going well, there are likely to be occasional disagreements between team members about what to do and how to do it - and sometimes things get personal. Our article explains how to prevent and put a stop to conflict, as well as when conflict might be productive.
Creative Thinking is vital to many Jewish student leaders. Our article explains a concept called lateral thinking, which is a powerful tool for generating new ideas that can help when faced with a variety of problems, and spells out how to apply lateral thinking techniques to practical problems.
Training Design is important for any Jewish student group - because training works to ensure that team members can perform their jobs effectively. Our article explains the principles of good training design - from conducting a needs analysis, to deciding how to deliver training, to the implementation and evaluation stages.
Measuring Success for Non-Profit Organizations explains how Jewish student leaders need to focus activities on bring the desired results, and how to implement this notion practically. This helps them avoid a common problem facing Jewish student groups, and non-profit organisations generally - a lack of clarity about goals and aims.
Relations (Internal and External)
Personal Contact and Managing Relationships emphasises the human side of the leadership role. Jewish student leaders need to make people feel valued and included to build a strong sense of community, and to find out their unique interests and talents in order to place them where they can contribute.
Publicity can be defined as 'changing people's minds, and being believed'. Our article takes a practical look at how to run both general, and event-specific, publicity with Jewish students.
Recruitment for Jewish Organizations is vital to a Jewish student group's success. Our article explains how to go about recruiting new members, from providing them with the right 'product', to finding potential members and effectively letting them know what is being offered.
Political Campaigns gives some thoughts on why and how Jewish student groups should run political campaigns, and how.
Running Elections effectively means finding the right balance between seeming 'light-hearted' and 'serious'. Our article is a practical guide to running elections in ways that involve students and ensure democracy.
Dealing with the Press explains why, and how, Jewish student leaders should deal with the press. Our article explains the different elements of press work, from building relationships with journalists, to staging press stunts.
Writing a Press Release outlines the technical, but not that difficult, art of writing press releases. Our article explains that the best way to get an idea of how to write a press release is to work backwards from published articles, and explains how to do this right.
Stress Management for Students is an important activity for some Jewish student leaders, especially those in high-pressure or emotionally demanding jobs. Our article explains what stress is, and gives eleven practical tips for coping with it and avoiding it.
Time Management for Student Leaders gives some really simple but practical suggestions for students looking to improve their use of time.
Quadrant II Time Management details how Jewish student leaders can use the notion of quadrant II time management to be truly effective. Quadrant II time management focuses on doing things that are truly important, at the expense of things that seem important, but are really just pressing.